T1087: Account Discovery & Enumeration

Last updated 4 months ago

Discovery

Execution

Let's run some of the popular enumeration commands on the victim system:

net user
net user administrator
whoami /user
whoami /all
...

Hunting and Observations

Having command line logging can help in identifying a cluster of enumeration commands executed in a relatively short span of time on a compromised host .

For this lab, I exported 8600+ command lines from various processes and wrote a dirty powershell script that ingests those command lines and inspects them for a couple of classic windows enumeration commands that are executed in the span of 2 minutes and spits them out:

hunt.ps1
function hunt() {
[CmdletBinding()]Param()
$commandlines = Import-Csv C:\Users\mantvydas\Downloads\cmd-test.csv
$watch = 'whoami|net1 user|hostname|netstat|net localgroup|cmd /c'
$matchedCommandlines = $commandlines| where-object { $_."event_data.CommandLine" -match $watch}
‚Äč
$matchedCommandlines| foreach-Object {
[datetime]$eventTime = $_."@timestamp"
[datetime]$low = $eventTime.AddSeconds(-60)
[datetime]$high = $eventTime.AddSeconds(60)
$clusteredCommandlines = $commandlines | Where-Object { [datetime]$_."@timestamp" -ge $low -and [datetime]$_."@timestamp" -le $high -and $_."event_data.CommandLine" -match $watch}
if ($clusteredCommandlines.length -ge 4) {
Write-Verbose "Possible enumeration around time: $low - $high ($eventTime)"
$clusteredCommandlines
}
}
}

Invoking the script to start the hunt:

. \hunt.ps1; hunt -verbose

Below are some of the findings which may warrant further investigation of the suspect host:

References