A very brief look into the PEB memory structure found, aiming to get a bit more comfortable with WinDBG and walking memory structures.
First of, checking what members the
_PEB structure actually entails:
There are many fields in the structure among which there are
ProcessParameters which are interesting to us for this lab:
Getting the PEB address of the process:
0:001> r $peb$peb=000007fffffd5000
_PEB structure can now be overlaid on the memory pointed to by the
$peb to see what values the structure members are holding/pointing to:
0:001> dt _peb @$peb
_PEB structure is now populated with the actual data pulled from the process memory:
Let's check what's in memory at address
0000000049d40000 - pointed to by the
ImageBaseAddress member of the
0:001> db 0000000049d40000 L100
Exactly! This is the actual binary image of the running process:
Another way of finding the
0:001> dt _pebntdll!_PEB//snip+0x010 ImageBaseAddress : Ptr64 Void//snip0:001> dd @$peb+0x010 L2000007ff`fffd5010 49d40000 00000000// 49d40000 00000000 is little-endian byte format - need to invert0:001> db 0000000049d40000 L100
We can forget about all of the above and just use:
This gets us a nicely formatted PEB information of some of the key members of the structure:
One of the interesting fields the PEB holds is the process commandline arguments. Let's find them:
dt _peb @$peb processp*ntdll!_PEB+0x020 ProcessParameters : 0x00000000`002a1f40 _RTL_USER_PROCESS_PARAMETERSdt _RTL_USER_PROCESS_PARAMETERS 0x00000000`002a1f40
We can be more direct and ask the same question like so:
0:001> dt _UNICODE_STRING 0x00000000`002a1f40+70ntdll!_UNICODE_STRING""C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe" "+0x000 Length : 0x3c+0x002 MaximumLength : 0x3e+0x008 Buffer : 0x00000000`002a283c ""C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe" "
or even this:
0:001> dd 0x00000000`002a1f40+70+8 L200000000`002a1fb8 002a283c 000000000:001> du 00000000002a283c00000000`002a283c ""C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe" "
Since we now know where the commandline arguments are stored - can we modify them? Of course.
0:001> eu 00000000002a283c "cmdline-logging? Are You Sure?"
Getting a list of loaded modules (exe/dll) by the process:
// get the first _LIST_ENTRY structure address0:001> dt _peb @$peb ldr->InMemoryOrderModuleList*ntdll!_PEB+0x018 Ldr :+0x020 InMemoryOrderModuleList : _LIST_ENTRY [ 0x00000000`002a2980 - 0x00000000`002a1e40 ]// walking the list manually and getting loaded module infodt _LIST_ENTRY 0x00000000`002a2980// cmd moduledt _LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY 0x00000000`002a2980dt _LIST_ENTRY 0x00000000`002a2980// ntdll moduledt _LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY 0x00000000`002a2a70dt _LIST_ENTRY 0x00000000`002a2a70// kernel32 moduledt _LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY 0x00000000`002a2df0...loop...
If we check the loaded modules with
!peb, it shows we were walking the list correctly:
Here is another way to find the first
dt _peb @$pebdt _PEB_LDR_DATA 0x00000000`774ed640
dt _LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY 0x00000000`002a2980
A nice way of getting a list of linked-list structure addresses is by providing address of the first
list_entry structure to the command
dl and specifying how many list items it should print out:
0:001> dl 0x00000000`002a2980 600000000`002a2980 00000000`002a2a70 00000000`774ed66000000000`002a2990 00000000`00000000 00000000`0000000000000000`002a2a70 00000000`002a2df0 00000000`002a298000000000`002a2a80 00000000`002a2f70 00000000`774ed67000000000`002a2df0 00000000`002a2f60 00000000`002a2a7000000000`002a2e00 00000000`002a3cb0 00000000`002a2f7000000000`002a2f60 00000000`002a3ca0 00000000`002a2df000000000`002a2f70 00000000`002a2e00 00000000`002a2a8000000000`002a3ca0 00000000`002a41f0 00000000`002a2f6000000000`002a3cb0 00000000`002defc0 00000000`002a2e0000000000`002a41f0 00000000`002a3ff0 00000000`002a3ca000000000`002a4200 00000000`002e1320 00000000`002a4000
Another way of achieving the same would be to use the !list command to list through the list items and dump the info:
!list -x "dt _LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY" 0x00000000`002a2980
It is possible to abuse the PEB structure and masquerade one windows processes with another process. See this lab for more: